stone building construction

Various types of stone have been used in construction for thousands of years. Its remarkable versatility and availability in various sizes, colours, shapes and textures have made stone the most widely used building material in the UK. Its incredible durability, low maintenance and superior artistic quality have seen stone used for anything from roofs, floors, arches and walls. Not many other building material can blend as well with the natural landscape as stone, or recycled as easily.

Nearly all of the world’s most beautiful buildings feature one or more types of stone. While an attractive building material, it also ages very well and its durability is unrivalled. From the Taj Mahal and Hadrian’s Wall to St Peter’s Basilica and Sacre Coeur, stone provides the opportunity to build something that can last for thousands of years.

Here are five of the most popular types of stone used in construction in the UK.

1.  Sandstone

Sandstone is the most common building stone used in construction in the UK. It is a soft and porous rock comprised of tiny, sand-sized grains of mineral, rock or organic material bound together by a cementing material. The impurities in the minerals mean that sandstone can be any colour.

However, the most common sandstone colours are brown, yellow, red, grey, pink, white and black. When used and maintained correctly, sandstone is an incredibly sturdy and stable building material, evident in the many prehistoric, medieval, Georgian and Victorian buildings scattered across the country.

2.  Granite

Granite is a high-end building material used in construction and one of the world’s oldest and toughest materials. A natural stone, granite is formed by extreme heat and pressure deep underground and ranges in colour from light grey to black, blue, pink and green, depending on the mineral content.

Granite was often used in historic buildings to provide strength and ensured the building would be around for generations to come. While it is still a popular construction material, granite is also commonly used for paving slabs, tiles, fireplaces and kitchen surfaces.

3.  Limestone

Limestone is a popular building material, frequently used for constructing pillars, facades and other decorative features. Limestone consists of calcium carbonate formed at the bottom of the sea that has become compacted over time.

It can also contain skeletal fragments of marine organisms, such as corals and molluscs. Its ability to weather quickly makes limestone a popular material for building restoration and extensions to old buildings. Some of Britain’s most important buildings feature limestone including Windsor Castle, York Minster, and the Houses of Parliament.

4.  Slate

Slate is a fine-grained metamorphic rock that forms when sedimentary rock is subjected to high pressure. Thanks to its attractive appearance and durability, slate has been used as a building material since Roman times.

Slate is strong and highly weather-resistant with low water absorption, which enables it to withstand freezing temperatures. Slate is commonly used for cladding, roofing, paving, sills and coping, walling and landscaping. It’s also used internally for worktops, floor and wall tiles, fire surrounds and hearths.

5.  Gritstone

Gritstone is a hard, coarse-grained siliceous sandstone made up of the cemented deposits of rounded grains. Gritstone is one of the two most predominant stone types used in construction in the Peak District (along with carboniferous limestone). However, while gritstone the more easily worked material out of the two, it is less durable.

 

If you want to safeguard the future of your historic or listed stone building, then speak to a member of our team today. We are experts in façade restoration, external stone cleaning, masonry repairs and the conservation of listed and heritage buildings.

 



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Building Transformation’s unquestionable honesty and enthusiasm for ensuring the client receives the correct whole-life solution (rather than a quick fix) resulted in us being able to ensure the building was not only returned to its former glory, but will stay that way for years to come. I would recommend them to anyone.

Kenny Gash - Carillion Amey

The work provided by Building Transformation was excellent. Their product and building exteriors knowledge is detailed, comprehensive and practically applied to the client’s needs. They offer a professional, detailed, high-quality and customer- focused service which meets the short, medium and long-term needs of the client, and provides practical, cost-realistic advice.

Kerry Quinn - Echo Arena

Customer service is paramount to Building Transformation and they invested vast amounts of time in providing me with a programme to facilitate what was a very complex and time-specific programme of work for the site. The quality and level of support provided by Building Transformation is priceless to any client/contractor.

Marc Blow MCIOB MBIFM - Carillion Amey

The approach and advice on setting up the works at the Wolverhampton Civic Centre were first-class. Building Transformation’s attention to detail was excellent and the RAMS were followed meticulously to every detail. We were delighted with the works and service, and would not hesitate to use them again, nor hesitate to recommend them to any organisation.

Kevin Egginton - Wolverhampton Council

A 200,000 sq. ft., four-storey leisure venue in the heart of Nottingham city centre surrounded by major traffic routes needed work to be done overnight to deal with the traffic issues, while the site remained open throughout. The project took around three weeks to complete and went exceptionally well; the Building Transformation staff were flexible and able to work round dynamic operational issues. The clean was of a high standard and has made a significant different to the image of the building. A very difficult job done well.

Suzanne Green - Land Securities

May & Co have worked with Building Transformation on a number of projects which have included external building cleaning and refurbishment. They provided a great service, supported by the high level of documentation from the initial quotation to books and industry-related guidance, all relevant to our project.

Anton Theobald - May & Co

I am very satisfied in the manner the job was conducted. Also the level of cleaning provided and attention to detail is much appreciated.

Waqas Bin Tahir - Ibis Southampton

I am using Building Transformation’s work to help justify façade restoration works around our business.  They have produced excellent presentations on what can be achieved and is a brilliant piece of informed marketing that is helping slowly win people over in our business to take façade cleaning and restoration more seriously.

Needless to say Building Transformation is a name that is now becoming known and respected.

Simon Attwood - Broadgate Estates Ltd.

Building Transformation gave great communication throughout our projects.
It will be my pleasure to recommend Building Transformation.

Sarah Cameron - My Hotels Group

Just signed off the job with Richard. Myself, the bosses and the tenant all are very pleased with the work. It definitely looks rejuvenated just a case of painting the concrete window surrounds in the new year to finish it off. Have found your company and staff very professional and helpful which has facilitated a project with minimal inconvenience and disruption to our in situ tenants.

Mark Hollinshead - Headruddy Property Development

I had a walk around today with Dave and am impressed with the work so far.  Dave and the team have done a great job.

I’d certainly love to work with you in the future so perhaps before the job is completed we could look at what opportunities there are for the future.

Marie Green - Novotel Sheffield

At this stage, from my point of view your team has been extremely professional, informing us of what was happening at all times and most importantly no disruption whatsoever to our guests and business.

Ludovic Verzi - Novotel Leeds

We are very satisfied in the manner the job was conducted. The operatives on site were very professional and communicated to us at all times.

Maria Pinana Mateu - Science Museum

The team at Building Transformation understood our challenge of finding a facade cleaning solution that would initially restore the glazing to its original state, protecting our building for years to come. Through intelligent and thorough testing right through to the full restoration of Block D, we have been very satisfied with the project management and delivery of the cleaning programme.

Colin Pilkington - Renaker Build Limited

Thank you for all the work that you carried out in cleaning the outside of our school.  We are delighted with the results.  You have managed to completely remove heavy staining from many areas around the building.

We found you extremely easy to work with: your quote was reasonable, you carried out the work quickly and you were very flexible in terms of timings.

Tamsin Griffith - Courtney Road Primary School, Bristol

have worked with Building Transformation on several projects within the hospitality industry and have found
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Stephanie LE COUTEUR - ARTELIA UK

e will definitely be working with you again! Your engineers were very polite and accommodating every time they visited site and have done a first class job. I will be recommending Building Transformation to everyone!

Mark Healy - One Facility

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